The historic roots of land of the Sabines date from the Iron Age. The Sabines, a pre-Roman people, resisted Roman expansion until the 3rd century BC when their history mixed with Rome’s (according to tradition when the “rape” of the Sabine women took place). The Sabina area was loved by the Romans for its beauty and tranquillity and for the fertility of the ground.
Monteleone Sabino (the ancient Roman town of Trebula Mutuesca) is one of the most important archaeological areas of Sabina (remains of the amphitheatre, of the baths, of the aqueduct).
Archaeological museums are located in Monteleone Sabino, Rieti, Magliano Sabino and Fara Sabina.
In Forum Novum (Vescovio) – a municipality in the Augustan period - excavations, carried out a few decades ago, brought to light many of the public space of the area: the Forum, basilica, workshops, a temple and funerary monuments.
Among other important archaeological sites there are: the ancient Sabine and Roman towns of Cures (Passo Corese) and Reate (Rieti); the Vespasiano Spa (Cotilia); the megalithic Roman tomb “I Massacci” (Osteria Nuova); the villa of Lucius Cotta, brother in low of Julius Caesar (Cottanello); the Villa of Terenzio Varrone, a famous Roman Philosopher on top of the San Valentino hill, overlooking a 360 degree of breathtaking view; the old Roman harbor on the Tiber river in Otricoli.